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Indian Vulture

IUCN Status Globally: Critically Endangered (CR) – Extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.

Family: Accipitridae of Old World Vultures

Commonly identified as Long-billed Vulture, the Indian Vulture breeds mainly on crags in the mountains of Pakistan and India. It is a forager and a scavenger, feeding on dead animals which it finds by towering in flocks over savannah and around human being habitation. It has hairless head, very wide wings and short tail feathers. It weighs 12 to 14 lbs, measures 2.5 – 3.25 feet in length, and has a wingspan of 6.5 – 7.5 feet.

The bird has experienced 97%-99% population decline in Pakistan and India. Accordingly, it was caused by poisoning from the veterinary drug diclofenac. These drugs facilitate the reduction of joint pains in animal, but when induce by vultures from the carcasses they nourish on, it causes kidney malfunction in them. There were around 45,000 individuals in 2007, with an average beg off of over 16% during 2006-2007.

References: Wikipedia

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